problem is of serious concern to many trees in a landscape. Circling
roots, rope, string or wires that are left behind after transplanting
are usually the cause of girdling. It generally takes many years after
transplanting to discover this condition and usually leads to death of
the tree or shrub.
is caused when there is restriction of the base or stem of the plant.
Generally, restrictions are twine or roots growing in a circle close to
the trunk, or tags not removed, or wire left on the tree after staking.
As time goes on and the tree grows, these restrictions impede the
transport of materials necessary for the growth of the plant and cause
its decline. Usually the damage is not seen for quite some time and
once noticed it's too late to save the plant.