your new tree or shrub performs is dependent on planting your new
addition to your landscape properly. By using the following steps, you
can go a long way in ensuring the future health of your new tree or
1: Choose the right plant for the location. Ensure soil,
moisture and shade requirements match the plant you have chosen.
Step 2: Care for the plant before
planting. Keep the tree or shrub cool and moist as well as shaded. When
handling the root ball, be careful.
Step 3: Ensure the removal of all wires,
labels, etc from the plant's stem.
Step 4: Dig your hole as wide as
possible. The hole you use for your new tree or shrub should be at
least 3 times the diameter of the root ball. Make the hole
saucer-shaped and as deep as the root ball is high. Make sure the root
collar is level or just above the surrounding soil.
Step 5: Remove wire baskets, burlap, or
pot from the root ball. By removing these materials you minimize root
system disturbances. If you find it difficult to remove the burlap, cut
and peel it back for better watering.
Step 6: Use soil from the hole you dug.
Do not mix in fertilizer, sand or any organic material such as peat
Step 7: Once the new tree or shrub has
been planted in the hole and back-filled using only soil removed from
the hole, you can prune any broken or dead branches. Because the tree
or shrub is so young, do not cut back any of the healthy branches to
reduce the crown.
Step 8: Water the root zone once a week
for the first year or two. Do not over-water. The majority of new tree
or shrub roots are in the first 6-12 inches of soil. Water slowly to
decrease the amount of runoff. By watering deeply and infrequently you
will encourage deep root development which will aid in stability and
strength in later years.
Step 9: Aside from watering, the next
most important thing to do for your new tree or shrub is to apply an
organic mulch such as wood chips, grass clippings or tree bark. This
mulch reduces compaction, aids in moisture retention, and helps keep
unwanted weeds from utilizing the bare space beneath the tree. Use a
circle of mulch approximately 3 times the size of the root ball and
increase this as the tree grows.
following these steps you will help ensure a good start for the newest
additions to your landscape.